University of Huddersfield 6 July 2017
We warmly invite you to participate in the 6th seminar of the series.
Encouraging debate across boundaries between service users/survivors and carers, academics, and professionals from voluntary and public organisations.
This seminar will focus on whether or not co-production is at all feasible when working with non-voluntary service users. The Mental Health Act 2007 amended the earlier 1983 Act allowing a broader range of professional staff to undertake roles associated with compulsion amongst other functions. Within England new roles have been established, including that of the Approved/Responsible Clinician, and the Approved Mental Health Clinician. The Care Quality Commission (CQC 2013) has expressed concerns that some hospitals have allowed cultures to develop where control and containment are prioritised over treatment and care.
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9.30 Registration (with tea and coffee available)
10.00 Opening with Christine Rhodes Pamela Fisher
10.15 Keynote: Professor David Pilgrim CO-PRODUCTION OF MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES: THE ART OF THE IMPOSSIBLE? This presentation begins by describing the general rationale for co-production. Applying these general considerations to mental health services, we need to take into account a range of peculiarities about mental health problems, social norms defining them and the capability of professionals to respond in a way that is accessible and acceptable. The use of coercion in services and the unusual situation of patients being detained without trial fundamentally alters the capacity of patients and staff to trust one another and work towards mutually agreed goals. Even when patients are ‘voluntary’ the risk to them of coercion, with all its threats to citizenship are constant. The prospect of true co-production in these circumstances (between professionals and patients) is constantly jeopardised. One scenario to counter these constraints is to abolish mental health law, so called. Thereafter risk management in society would bracket mental state, for example by using a form of Dangerousness Act instead. But if mental health law, so called, is retained then we can only experiment with forms of local practice, which offer a dynamic and precarious balance between State paternalism and democratic voluntarism. That balancing act will always be in the context of constraints created by services, which have developed professional norms concerned primarily with risk management. This is the art of the impossible, which will lead to some limited success but probable frequent failure.
11.15 Discussion of arising themes (with tea and coffee available)
12.00 Charlotte Scott POWER-SHARING WITHIN COERCIVE ENVIRONMENTS There is a clear tension between the value base that seeks to empower and promote the rights of individuals who receive mental health services, and the statutory powers that enable mental health practitioners to deprive an individual of their liberty in order to receive assessment or treatment for perceived mental health needs. In this presentation I will outline my understanding of the concept of coproduction in the context of statutory mental health practice, specifically during a Mental Health Act assessment when a decision is made as to whether a person will be detained against their will. I will consider how The Mental Health Act is underpinned by principles that aim to promote participation during decision making (‘The Guiding Principles’), considering how this translates to practice – drawing upon my research findings and experience when working under the Act. Discussion points will include the ways in which the views and knowledge of those who have been assessed under the Act can be given more focus in research, considering how coercion is experienced, how we define ‘power’ in this setting and how and if it is possible to shift the balance of power from those practitioners who have the power to deprive an individual of their liberty towards a shared notion of shared decision making.
1.45 Team Hudd’ Service users and carers, in co-production with the University of Huddersfield and external partners, will facilitate a round table discussion on the topic of power sharing in coercive environments. A service user will introduce the session by talking about his experiences in mental health settings. Followed by further input from service user/carer’s who will talk about their experiences with suggestions on what did and didn’t work. This will be followed by discussion at each table on the issues raised with feedback to the wider group on the key points identified.
3.00 Tea and coffee and identification of the main points arising from presentations and discussions
3.30 Additional networking opportunity
David Pilgrim PhD is Honorary Professor of Health and Social Policy at the University of Liverpool and Visiting Professor of Clinical Psychology at the University of Southampton. He trained and worked in the NHS as a clinical psychologist before completing a PhD in psychology and then a Masters in sociology. With this mixed background, his career was split then between clinical and academic work as a health policy researcher. His publications include Understanding Mental Health: A Critical Realist Exploration (Routledge, 2015) and Key Concepts in Mental Health (4th edition, Sage, 2017). Others include A Sociology of Mental Health and Illness (Open University Press, 2005- winner of the 2006 BMA Medical Book of the Year Award), Mental Health Policy in Britain (Palgrave, 2002) and Mental Health and Inequality (Palgrave, 2003) (all with Anne Rogers). His most recent book, Child Sexual Abuse: Moral Panics and States of Denial is to be published by Routledge. All of this work is approached from the position of critical realism and so the philosophy of science and social science is an overarching framework in relation to any topic.
Charlotte Scott is a Social Worker with a background in work within Community Mental Health Team’s. She is an Approved Mental Health Professional (AMHP) and has working experience of carrying out statutory work under the Mental Health Act. Currently she is in the final stages of carrying out research for a PhD, exploring how AMHPs make decisions during Mental Health Act assessments including reflections from those who are assessed under the Act on their experience of this.
Matt Ellis has worked in Social Care for over 25 years and in Mental Health as a qualified Social Worker for 15 years and Approved Mental Health Professional. He is known for his innovation and leadership pioneering creative approaches. He managed the Garage Project, a Mental Health Service for Young People that won a NIMHE (National Institute for Mental Health) positive practice award in 2005. He also chaired the local collective for Creative Minds winner of the HSJ award for ‘Compassionate Patient Care’ in 2014. More recently Matt was responsible for establishing a Recovery College in Kirklees, West Yorkshire
and has been working with the Health Information and Innovation Directorate in South West Yorkshire Partnership NHS Foundation Trust in supporting “recovery” development with 4 other colleges. Matt has now obtained the role as Principle of Calderdale and Kirklees Recovery Colleges. Matt is passionate about co-production, strengths based and creative approaches which value the contribution of those with a “lived experience”.
Donna Kemp is an academic at the University of Huddersfield. Her clinical background is as a mental health nurse, having worked in a range of settings including adult in-patient, community and crisis care. Donna was witnessed power and coercion in her professional and everyday life.
Eric Greenwood is a Lecturer/Practitioner in mental health social work at the University of Huddersfield. He is also an Approved Mental Health Professional (AMHP) in Kirklees with specialist training and responsibilities for carrying out duties under the Mental Health Act 1983 (amended 2007) and has worked in the area of mental health for over 10 years. Eric has worked in an Assertive Outreach Team which specialised in working with people with complex mental health needs, who had not engaged with mainstream mental health services.
Alison Morris is the Public Partnership Group (PPG) administrator, in the School of Human and Health Sciences at the University of Huddersfield. She is responsible for coordinating the smooth running of Service User and Carer involvement in the school. She has a back ground in youth theatre and has previously worked for various third sector organisations and charities. Alison has a son with additional needs and is a campaigner of disability rights. She also teaches healthcare professionals in hospitals and classrooms about her experiences and the communication needs required when working with both people with additional needs and their families.
Christine Rhodes is a partner of the ESRC seminar series. She works as an academic at the University of Huddersfield as the Director of Teaching and Learning in the School of human and Health Sciences. Her clinical experience is as a health care professional, as a nurse, midwife and health visitor, mainly working with people in community settings. Christine also has a lifetime of experience as a carer to a younger sibling with a complex learning disability and is very familiar with the thorny issues of power and coercion on a professional and personal level.
Hayley Roebuck is an expert by experience and has had lots of service user involvement across several departments in the School of Human and Health Sciences at the University of Huddersfield over the last twelve months. She is currently a volunteer for the music therapy service at Womencentre, having previously been a service user and volunteer for the Mothers Apart service at Womencentre. She is also an occasional volunteer for Recovery College Kirklees and Touchstone and attends the Mental Health Partnership Board and Mental Health Provider Forums in Kirklees. She believes passionately that people receiving mental health services should be “worked with” and not “delivered to” and has first-hand experience of the benefits of co-production both as a service user and as a volunteer.
Mary Rogers is a carer and a member of the University of Huddersfield Public Partnership Group. She provides insight to students and lecturers into care issues. Developing the direction of research, assessments and involvement in curriculum development in favour of Service Users and Carers. Mary has significant experience as a carer of her daughter and other family members as well as her own personal experiences and she has a wealth of expertise in working with Health Care professionals at all levels and funding authorities/ agencies.
Mary trained originally as a Pharmacist Technician and she has also worked with Doctors as a Receptionist in a busy GP practice. She has been a support assistant working with Special Needs children in a local High School before her Caring role prevailed. Mary was awarded a BA Open degree in Art Histories and Humanities mainly through the Open University, but also Huddersfield University. Mary has been a volunteer fund raiser for the local Carer’s Trust, Crossroads Care in Mid Yorkshire raising £50,000 over 3 years and became a Carer’s Trust (national) Ambassador for Yorkshire helping raise £6 million for Young Carers through the efforts of The Co-Operative Food Group she was presented to HRH the Princess Royal. She achieved The Duke of York’s Community Initiative Award on behalf of Carers Trust Mid Yorkshire from HRH the Duke of York.
Chris Thompson has lived experience of being a mental health service user and is a member of the Public Partnership group in the School of Human and Health Sciences at the University of Huddersfield and is a
member of Recovery College. He is passionate about talking openly of his experiences to combat stigma and improve understanding of mental illness. He has also started a self-help group called RECONNECT, for people who have suffered from Stress Anxiety and Depression at work. As a retired marketing director of an international company, he has professional experience of working in an environment where power and coercion are everyday occurrences. Despite being unable to attend the seminar Chris is introducing.